Men's Artistic Gymnastics (MAG)
Men perform on six pieces of apparatus for the Olympic discipline of Men's Artistic Gymnastics. This discipline offers a variety of exercises for men and boys regarded by many as the most technically demanding of all sports. Each of the six pieces of apparatus require incredible agility, strength, balance and co-ordination. Routines are performed on six pieces of apparatus: floor, pommel horse, rings, vault, parallel bars and high bar.
Floor Exercise (FX)
The floor measures 12 x 12 metres, with an additional safety border of 1 metre. The performance area must have a surface elasticity to allow for power during take-offs and softness for landing. The gymnast's floor exercise should include movements that demonstrate strength, flexibility and balance. Each routine must combine moves such as somersaults, twists and leaps. The whole floor area should be used and the routine should show a personal touch of expression and execution. The minimum time is 50 sec. and maximum is 1'10 min.
Pommel Horse (PH)
Height: 1.05 metres from top of mat (1.15 metres from floor). Length at the top: 1.60 metre. Distance between pommels: 40 to 45 cm. The pommel horse routine should be a smooth continuous chain of circular and pendulum type swings, double leg circles, scissor movements and undercuts using all parts of the horse.
Height: 2.60 metres from top of mat (2.80 metres from floor). Ring routines should include a variety of movements demonstrating strength, support and balance. The gymnast should perform a series of swings and holds with both forward and backward elements and the routine should finish with an acrobatic dismount.
Height: 1.35 metres from floor. The Vaulting Table is situated length-wise to the approach run of 25 metres. Each vault is awarded a value according to its difficulty. The vault should demonstrate clean and powerful movements combining height and length with one or more rotations and finish in a controlled landing. Marks are also awarded for the control of the body and the landing position.
Parallel Bars (PB)
Height: 1.80 metres from top of mat (2.00 metres from floor). Like the rings, the parallel bars require a combination of swinging movements with strength or hold parts. The gymnasts should travel along and work both above and below the bars. The exercise should be predominantly swinging.
Horizontal (High) Bar (HB)
Height: 2.60 metres from top of mat (2.80 metres from floor). The gymnast should perform continuous clean swinging movements and must not touch the bar with his body. He is required to demonstrate changes of grip, swinging movements both forward and backward, plus release and re-grasp of the bar. Dismounts are an important part of the total routine and are usually acrobatic and spectacular.