Doping in sport remains a serious issue, putting an athlete’s health at risk, threatening the integrity of clean athletes and the reputation of the sport.
British Gymnastics works in partnership with UK Anti-Doping (UKAD) and FIG to ensure that the integrity of our sport is protected.
British Gymnastics fully endorses the testing programmes implemented by UKAD and FIG. Gymnasts and coaches should be aware that testing may take place at competitions (deemed to be testing 'in competition') and at National Squad training sessions (deemed to be 'out of competition'). Gymnasts under 16 years may be tested.
In addition to this, gymnasts can be tested at home or at their club, in particular when they are of an international standard.
The World Anti-Doping Agency was founded with the aim of bringing consistency to anti-doping policies and regulations within sport organizations and government’s right across the world. WADA coordinated the development and implementation of the World Anti-Doping Code (Code), the document harmonising anti-doping policies in all sports and all countries. For more information on WADA click here to visit their website
UKAD is responsible for ensuring sports bodies in the UK are compliant with the World Anti-Doping Code through implementation and management of the UK’s National Anti-Doping Policy.
Please do not hesitate to ask questions about the anti-doping rules. As well as asking British Gymnastics, coaches and others involved in athlete support, you may also contact UKAD directly, who will be able to answer any questions and provide guidance. Click here to visit the UKAD website.
ANTI DOPING RULES
British Gymnastics has in place a set of anti-doping rules that all athletes, coaches and athlete support personnel must abide by.The anti-doping rules for British Gymnastics are consistent with the World Anti-Doping Code (2015 Code), which governs anti-doping internationally.
You can find the UK Anti-Doping Rules on the UK Anti-Doping website by clicking here.
For further information on the UKAD 2015 Code, click here to visit the UKAD Code Microsite
The British Gymnastics Anti-Doping Policy is available to download here.
Since 2004, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has been responsible for the preparation and publication of the list of substances and methods that are prohibited in sport, known as the Prohibited List.
It is an International Standard, identifying substances and methods prohibited in-competition, out-of-competition and in particular sports.
Substances and methods are classified by categories (such as steroids, stimulants or gene doping). An athlete may be permitted to use a prohibited substance for medical reasons, if they obtain a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE). Check the Prohibited List 2017 here.
Athletes should feel prepared and know their rights and responsibilities when they are notified to be tested by a Chaperone or Doping Control Officer. When selected for testing, athletes should take a representative with them to the Doping Control Station.
A urine test will follow these main steps:
· Reporting to Doping Control Station
· Providing a sample
· Recording and certifying sample information
· UK Anti-Doping recommends that athletes follow their normal hydration routines if selected for testing.
· Athletes need to be prepared to provide details of any substances they have taken – this needs to be written on the Doping Control form. Athletes should report any concerns they have about the process or the equipment on the Doping Control form.
Athletes can find out more about testing, including their rights and responsibilities, in the Athlete Zone on the UK Anti-Doping website (www.100percentme.co.uk ) or by downloading the Clean Sport App from their app store.
CHECK YOUR MEDICATION
Athletes need to be aware of the principle of strict liability. This means that all athletes are solely responsible for any banned substance they use, attempt to use, or that is found in their system, regardless of how it got there and whether or not they had an intention to cheat. Before using any medications, whether prescribed by a GP, bought over the counter in a Pharmacy or even straight from a supermarket shelf, it is vital that athletes check whether they contain prohibited substances. Medicines bought in the UK, USA, Canada or Japan, can be checked using GlobalDRO (www.globaldro.com). Gymnasts, coaches and support personnel can also check the status of medications by using either the Drug Enquiry Line on +44 (0) 800 528 0004 or by emailing email@example.com or visiting www.ukad.org.uk
THERAPEUTIC USE EXEMPTIONS (TUEs)
The Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) process is a means by which an athlete can obtain approval to use a prescribed prohibited substance or method for the treatment of a legitimate medical condition.
The TUE Process
1. Athletes should advise all medical personnel that they are liable to be tested, of their obligation to abide by the anti-doping rules of their sport and that any medical treatment received must not violate these rules.
2. When prescribed a medication, athletes should check if that medication is prohibited by checking the Global Drug Reference Online system www.globaldro.co.uk.
3. If the medication is not prohibited, athletes can start using the prescribed medication or treatment.
4. If the medication is prohibited, athletes should check with their prescribing physician or the sport’s medical personnel if there are any alternative medications or treatments that are permitted.
5. If there are no permitted alternatives, athletes should contact British Gymnastics or click here to find out what type of exemption is required and if a TUE should be applied for prior to use or after doping control.
6. Only in emergency situations (e.g. allergic reaction, exacerbation of asthma, onset of bell's palsy) should treatment begin without the necessary approval.
SUPPLEMENTS AND NUTRITION
Diet, lifestyle and training should all be optimised before considering supplementation. Coaches and gymnasts should assess the need for supplementation and consult with an accredited sports dietician and/or registered nutritionist with expertise in sports nutrition, or doctor experienced in Sports and Exercise Medicine before taking supplements. Scientific evidence continues to suggest that supplements can become contaminated with restricted or banned substances during their production, and could lead to a positive finding. Under the principle of 'strict liability', it is the gymnast who is held accountable if a prohibited substance is found in a sample provided, whether intentional or unintentional.
Informed-Sport is a quality assurance programme for sports nutrition products which certifies that all nutritional supplements and/or ingredients that bear the Informed-Sport logo have been tested for banned substances by the world class sports anti-doping lab, LGC. Athletes choosing to use supplements can use the search function on www.informed-sport.com to find products that have been through this rigorous certification process.
Athletes who are on the National Registered Testing Pool (NRTP) are required to submit details of their whereabouts using ADAMS.
Those athletes can make changes to their Whereabouts Filings up to one minute before the specified "testing slot" hour commences and there are a number of ways this can be done:
SMS: +44 (0)7781 480710 (emergency updates only)
ADAMS App:available from iTunes and Google Play
NOTE: Updates to the 60 minute testing slots must be received before the start of your specified hour for the update to be valid.
ANTI DOPING EDUCATION
100% me is UK Anti-Doping’s education programme for athletes – designed to provide information resources, education sessions and general advice to athletes throughout their sporting careers. The 100% me campaign is about being successful, confident and retaining the values of clean, fair competition. 100% me embodies and celebrates five key values:
· Hard work
Be a part of 100% me and keep up-to-date with all the news by registering on this website. To register click here. Join 100% me on Facebook at www.facebook.com/100percentme.uk
If you have any doping concerns you can call anonymously 24/7 to talk to a highly-trained operator who is independent from UKAD. Call 0800 32 23 32